What Is NATO And How Many Nations Are Members Of NATO?



What is NATO?

NATO is a military alliance established in 1949 by 12 countries, including the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and France. The full name of NATO is the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Following World War II, NATO was primarily founded to address the threat posed by the Soviet Union.

In 1955, the USSR formed its military alliance, the Warsaw Pact, to confront NATO. With the fall of the Soviet Union in 1990, Warsaw was disbanded, and some Warsaw Pact countries joined NATO. 

The NATO alliance is composed of 30 countries. The member countries of the alliance have agreed to come to each other’s help in the case of an armed attack against any member country.

What is NATO’s Purpose?

NATO’s objective is to execute the terms of the North Atlantic Treaty, which was signed on April 4, 1949. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is a collective security system. An attack on one member state is considered an attack on all system members, forcing a coordinated response.

All NATO member states are assured collective security as a result of this. In Brussels, Belgium, NATO’s headquarters are located. NATO member countries comprise two North American countries, 27 European countries, and one Eurasian country.

Is Ukraine a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)?

Ukraine is not a member of the NATO alliance. However, Ukraine is a NATO partner country, which implies it could join the alliance in the future.

List of NATO Member Countries

NATO Country

Capital

Joined Date 

Albania

Tirana

1-April-2009

Belgium

Brussels

24-Aug-1949

Bulgaria

Sofia

29-Mar-2004

Canada

Ottawa

24-Aug-1949

Croatia

Zagreb

1-April-2009

Czechia

Prague

12-Mar-1999

Denmark

Copenhagen

24-Aug-1949

Estonia

Tallinn

29-Mar-2004

France

Paris

24-Aug-1949

Germany

Berlin

8-May-1955

Greece

Athens

18-Feb-1952

Hungary

Budapest

12-Mar-1999

Iceland

Reykjavík

24-Aug-1949

Italy

Rome

24-Aug-1949

Latvia

Riga

29-Mar-2004

Lithuania

Vilnius

29-Mar-2004

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

24-Aug-1949

Montenegro

Podgorica

5-Jun-2017

Netherlands

Amsterdam

24-Aug-1949

North Macedonia

Skopje

27-Mar-2020

Norway

Oslo

24-Aug-1949

Poland

Warsaw

12-Mar-1999

Portugal

Lisbon

24-Aug-1949

Romania

Bucharest

29-Mar-2004

Slovakia

Bratislava

29-Mar-2004

Slovenia

Ljubljana

29-Mar-2004

Spain

Madrid

30-May-1982

Turkey

Ankara

18-Feb-1952

United Kingdom

London

24-Aug-1949

United States

Washington, D.C.

24-Aug-1949

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